Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.8 million on the last business day of December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were little changed at 5.5 million and 5.2 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate and the layoffs and discharges rate were little changed at 2.2 percent and 1.1 percent, respectively. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of December, there were 5.8 million job openings, little changed from November. The job openings rate was 3.8 percent in December. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and for government. Job openings increased in information (+33,000) and federal government (+13,000). Job openings decreased in a number of industries with the largest decreases occurring in professional and business services (-119,000), retail trade (-85,000), and construction (-52,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.5 million in December. The hires rate was 3.7 percent. The number of hires was little changed for total private, for government, and in all industries and regions. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.2 million in December. The total separations rate was 3.6 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and for government. Total separations increased in state and local government education (+17,000). The number of total separations increased in the Midwest region. (See table 3.)

Job Openings

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Job Openings

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Job Openings

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Job Openings

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Job Openings

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On the last business day of December, there were 5.8 million job openings, little changed from November. The job openings rate was 3.8 percent in December. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and for government. Job openings increased in information (+33,000) and federal government (+13,000). Job openings decreased in a number of industries with the largest decreases occurring in professional and business services (-119,000), retail trade (-85,000), and construction (-52,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions. (See table 1.)

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